Four to Five years after studying a particular course, you are expected to do a project and write a final year project in Nigeria. This written project will later be presented in front of a panel for you to defend. Now, for the greater number of students in our educational system, the most you may have done is to write an internship placement report, a practical report, or at least, one class assignment that you did not plagiarize. It is only then that writing a project begins to look like a big task, you begin to doubt how far your knowledge can lead you with the limited resources in a developing country like Nigeria. To top it all, dealing with a supervisor is not always an interesting experience; The back and forth, deadlines and frustrating moments makes you wonder if you really do know how to write a final year project.
Worry not! In this article we will go step by step in breaking down the process of writing a final year project in Nigeria. Of course, you don’t want to spend all the time on one chapter of your project only to get rejected and asked to start afresh. Do not forget to share this post with friends & course mates as they may also need guides on how to write a final year project in Nigeria.
- 1 Title Page.
- 2 Approval Page.
- 3 Dedication Page.
- 4 Writing abstract of a project.
- 5 Table of Content.
- 6 How to write chapter one of a project.
- 7 Chapter two. (Literature/Theoretical Review)
- 8 Chapter three. (Research Methodology)
- 9 Chapter Four: Data Presentation and Analysis.
- 10 Chapter Five: Conclusions and Recommendations.
- 11 References.
- 12 Appendices.
A title page is the first thing that your project supervisor sees when taking a look at your project research work; hence, it is fundamental for a student to put resources into making it look consistent and proficient. It is imperative for students to figure out how to design a title page of an examination paper in the event that they need to make a phenomenal initial introduction with the analyst. As you create your title page, you should concentrate on reflecting what is in your paper. A title page should include the research paper title, student’s name (author), and student’s affiliations – something in the lines of “in partial fulfillment of the course curriculum requirement for the degree” and the date.
How to write a good project title page
When composing a title page, there are a few factors that one should remember paying little heed to the organizing style you are utilizing. On the off chance that students need to acquire an elegantly composed title page, they ought to hold fast to the accompanying guidelines:
- While organizing your work make sure that the whole content in the title page is adjusted at the middle. Likewise, keep your work double-spaced and the margin set at one inch on all sides.
- It is fundamental to keep your work well sorted out and clear. Along these lines, guarantee you utilize an unmistakable and intelligible text style. A best textual style to utilize is the Times Roman at 12 points.
- Utilize right upper casing, with the exception of when composing short words like relational words and conjunctions you can utilize lower case.
- When writing a research paper, numbering your work is a prerequisite, and that includes the title page. Supplement a running head on the right-hand top of the page and the page number of the left top of the page.
- Build up a brief and succinct title that is significant to the content in your research paper. Remove any unessential words that don’t add significance to it. Use a charming heading that will hook your readers to the research work.
The approval page is usually the second page in your document, and it also follows an official standard. It usually contains the name of your department and approval statement signatures of the supervisor of the project work and other dignitaries such as the Head of Department, external supervisor.
This is where you dedicate the project research paper to someone important. It could be your God, your colleagues, family or any anyone at all. Note that this page is different from the Acknowledgement page.
This is the part where you show appreciation to everyone who may have contributed to the success of your project research. In all ramifications that you so choose, in finance, in advice, in support and guidance.
Writing abstract of a project.
The abstract of a project is considered the most important part of the project because it covers and summarizes every other thing that has been written in the project. It is the first part that is read by your project supervisor, panel judges, organization or other people that your project research may be of relevance. The abstract of your project is like a summary that represents every other chapter of your work. Hence, the abstract should be broken down into the following sections;
The Introduction (not a headline) but something that talks about the background of the study. It should as well outline the reason behind why the topic was chosen; not personal reasons, but scientific (logical) reasons. A good way to achieve this is to talk about a problem related to your topic and then go ahead to talk about the objectives and what your research aims to achieve. Please keep this section as simple and short as possible and drive to your point in succinct sentences.
Method of Research.
The next thing that should follow your introduction is the method of research, this should include the methods employed to collect data, the population covered by your study and how you analyzed your data. One way to remove the strangeness you feel right now is by reading the methodologies of other well written research papers to get insight on how to go about yours.
Results and findings
As brief as this part of the thesis can be, try as much as possible to outline the findings and discovery of your methodology and analysis of your work.
Conclusion and Recommendation.
Also, as brief as it can be, state your conclusions and recommendations. In fact, most times, project supervisors just read the introduction and then skim through to look for the conclusion and recommendation of your thesis before looking down on you through their nerdy glasses to commend or reproof you.
Quick Tip: It is best to write the abstract when you are done with the whole project so that you don’t conflict facts, values and statements that will be included in the main body of your project.
Table of Content.
The table of content should be detailed and contain the necessary headings of each page, the sub heading and the right numbering for each of them.
Quick tip: It is also recommended to wait until you have completed your project research material before creating this page. The reason is that by the time you are done, you have all the necessary information to make-up the table of contents.
List of tables/figures/symbols.
Although most people don’t do this, it actually is a boost for your project work. They should contain tags, that describe the page and labelling of every figure, charts and infographics that have been used in the project. Other symbols should also have their meanings stated here.
How to write chapter one of a project.
This is where the actual work begins. There are different preliminaries that you may have to do before starting this chapter in order to ease the work and the work load. After you must have chosen a topic, you should make sure to read the project works of other people or if possible, find a project topic that is directly related to yours and then do some reading. This will help you get insights on the way other people have done their projects, and how to go about doing yours.
Next, compile necessary data and information using the internet or library resources. If you are still skeptical about where to get resources, you can check our collection of best project materials.
Chapter one should contain the background, scope and purpose of your research. Basically, this is the full version of the first section of your abstract and should be detailed enough to inform anyone about the project. The information that is contained in this chapter one should correlate with the data and information supplied. At the last pages of the chapter one, you must have built up content that will ultimately lead to full explanation of the project objectives, constraints and limitations.
Chapter two. (Literature/Theoretical Review)
Literature review is a presentation of some of the works done by other people. The works that are already in place that constitutes the base of your research. As such, subject matters in the chapter two of your project should include the advantages, disadvantages, breakthrough and limitation of your past works. Also make sure to give due credit to the owners of the work through detailed referencing. In the chapter two of your project, you are free to make use of comments depending on the context.
Quick Tip: While trying to give credit of work to whom due, try as much as possible to not use too many quotations. You can paraphrase, that is, rewriting the quotes in your words as well retaining their original meaning.
Chapter three. (Research Methodology)
This chapter summarizes the different methods used in conducting the research, from data collection to the area that determined study of population. The data and data sampling sources and techniques. You should go ahead to explain the methods used in your research as well as justifying why it was chosen over all other methods. While doing this, remember to incorporate the materials, equipment and tools used to achieve every purpose.
Quick tip: The language used on chapter three should be put in past tense.
Chapter Four: Data Presentation and Analysis.
This chapter takes bulk of your time especially in formatting. This is where you apply a lot of table, charts and other visual representations come here. Chapter four of projects should contain the results of your findings and analysis. It should discuss your results in correlation to that of other Authors and researchers. It should also discuss the different effects of the research results, application and every other achieved objective of the project research in details.
Chapter Five: Conclusions and Recommendations.
Chapter five is the relief chapter, it doesn’t require much sleepless nights or get rejections from project supervisors. It should contain the conclusions which are based off the results from the research. They should also contain suggestions for other interested researchers who may be interested in that field. Then lastly, proffer recommendations too.
The reference section enlists all the sources and relevant materials that you consulted during your research. All the journals, books, online resource, and materials that aided your work should be clearly written without plagiarism, using your school’s accepted referencing method (most likely to be Harvard Referencing Method). All the words quoted in your project should be referenced.
These are materials that are also relevant to your research topic that were not added to the work; list of parameters, official data from your case study, extensive proofs.
The last thing on how to write a final year project in Nigeria is the final review, this includes editing, checking grammatical errors and making sure that the page numbering is right. Make sure that your work is free of careless errors before the final submission.
Need more help on how to write a final year project in Nigeria? We have a rich collection of project topics & research materials for your research inspirations & ideas. Checkout some of our project topics.